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Reguations about shipping Lithium Batteries Safely


IATA/ICAO Updates

    • Standalone = package ONLY contains batteries, NO equipment
    • Packed with = package contains equipment + batteries that are NOT installed in the equipment
    • Contained in = package has equipment with batteries installed
    •   Lithium Ion Battery Lithium Metal Battery
      Standalone Lithium Ion Standalone (P.I. 965) UN 3480 Lithium Metal Standalone (P.I. 968) UN 3090
      Packed With Lithium Ion Packed With (P.I. 966) UN 3481 Lithium Metal Packed With (P.I. 969) UN 3091
      Contained in Lithium Ion Contained in (P.I. 967) UN 3481 Lithium Metal Contained in (P.I. 970) UN 3091


Transport within Passenger Baggage


Carrier's Shipping requirement for Lithium Batteries


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DOT (PHMSA) Updates

  • 49 CFR 173.185
  • Proper Shipping Names
    • UN 3480, Lithium Ion Batteries
    • UN 3481, Lithium Ion Batteries packed with equipment
    • UN 3481, Lithium Ion Batteries contained in equipment
    • UN 3090, Lithium Metal Batteries
    • UN 3091, Lithium Metal Batteries packed with equipment
    • UN 3091, Lithium Metal Batteries contained in equipment

Ship Prototypes of Lithium batteries

  • 173.185(e) - Must be shipped by ground as Class 9
  • A55 Cargo aircraft under approval. (The lead time for approval is around 3-6 months. Customer can contact PHMSA for shipping approval by air) (DOT)

Low Production Runs

  • 173.185(e) low production runs of not more than 100pcs, must be shipped by ground as Class 9. Applies to small batteries.
  • A88 Cargo aircraft under approval (The lead time for approval is around 3-6 months. Customer can contact PHMSA for shipping approval by air)

Damaged, defective or recalled Cells or Batteries

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IMDG SP 188

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Lithium Battery Calculations

  • Watt hours = Volts (V) x ampere hour (Ah)
  • Lithium Content is: Ah per cell x 0.3 gm x number of cells
  • Lithium Battery Calculation help document
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What to consider when designing Lithium Batteries?
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Bluetooth Technology for Lithium-ion/LiFePO4 Batteries
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UN 38.3 Safety Test

We own a national standard UN38.3 testing lab. We can provide UN38.3 test service to our customer.

If you want to set up your own lab, we also provide UN38.3 & IEC62133 equipments and onsite training. Email us for the quote and lead time.
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Lithium Battery Shipping Regulation
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Recommendations on How to get ≤30% Rated Capacity for Shipping
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Thermal Abuse Test for IEC62133
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